Parker, R., Balaratnasingam, S., Roy, M., Huntley, J., & Mageean, A. (2014). Intellectual disability in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people; family. In P. Dudgeon, H. Milroy and R. Walker (Eds.), Working together: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mental health and well-being principles and practice, 2nd edition (pp.373-382). Commonwealth of Australia.

The aim of this chapter is to examine current and emerging themes in respect to intellectual disability to assist clinicians and their patients. Recent literature points to an increased rate of intellectual disability across the lifespan, from childhood, adulthood and old age, in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples with a number of factors that appear to accelerate the prevalence from roughly two times the rate in childhood to five times the rate for people over 65 years of age. The chapter examines the various factors that impact on this issue including diagnosis, contributing factors, Aboriginal perspectives on intellectual disability, the impacts on family, the importance of an interdisciplinary approach in management and assessments that may be of use.