Heffernan, E., Andersen, K., McEntyre, E., & Kinner, S. (2014). Mental Disorder and Cognitive Disability in the Criminal Justice System. In P. Dudgeon, H. Milroy & R. Walker (Eds.), Working Together: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Mental Health and Wellbeing Principles and Practices, 2nd edition (pp.165-178). Commonwealth of Australia. https://www.telethonkids.org.au/globalassets/media/documents/aboriginal-health/working-together-second-edition/wt-part-2-chapt-10-final.pdf

This chapter examines what is known about the prevalence of mental disorder and cognitive disability amongst Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in contact with the criminal justice system and how these issues impact on individuals, families and communities. The literature in this area is reviewed; there is now a considerable body of evidence supporting the premise that mental disorders are a significant health challenge for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in contact with all aspects of the criminal justice system. There is emerging evidence to suggest that this is also the case for cognitive disability, however further research is required to fully articulate the extent of this challenge. With this understanding, we consider the important and complex implications for mental health and disability services in meeting the needs of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in the criminal justice system.