MacRae, A., & Hoareau, J. (2016). Review of illicit drug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet, Centre for Indigenous Australian Education and Research, Edith Cowan University.
ABSTRACT

The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of the use of illicit drugs among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia. It provides general information on the context of illicit drug use in Australia and the factors of particular relevance to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, including the historical context, social context, and other social factors. This review provides detailed information on the extent of illicit drug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, including overall self-reported prevalence and prevalence by type of substance. It outlines the health and social and emotional wellbeing harms associated with substance use, as well as the associated hospitalisations, mortality, and wider social impacts. This review also provides information on policies and strategies addressing illicit drug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, including a number of past policies that provide historical context. This review concludes by describing a number of services that aim to address illicit drug use in Australia, with particular focus on elements of effective service design and delivery and barriers commonly faced by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people when accessing these services.